Challenges Facing Liberal Democratic Party revised.docx -...

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Surname1 Name Instructor Course Date Underlying Challenges Facing the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan Introduction Liberal Democratic Party of Japan or rather LDP is the Japanese largest and longest existing party which has held power nearly consecutively from its inception in 1955. It was formed immediately after the end of United States Forces Occupation in 1955 by the merger of two political parties. 1 One of such parties was the Liberal Party which was constituted in 1881 and which champion for more radical objective of democratic reform as well as popular sovereignty. The other party was the Constitutional Reform Party which was a more moderate alternative, instituted in 1882 and mainly champion for parliamentary democracy similar to that of Britain. When the two parties came together 1955 to form a new party (Liberal Democratic Party); they also streamlined their policies. Liberal Democratic Party over the past years of tenure has continually worked closely with the commercial interests as well as followed pro- United States foreign policy. These couple with other reasons might be reason behind its long dominance in the Japan’s politics. Significantly, for almost forty years of uninterrupted power (1955-1993), the party oversaw Japan’s exceptional reconstruction after the Second World War destruction as well as its growth into economic superpower. Additionally, during this tenure the party gained a lot respect and popularity from the Japanese people 2 . However, despite the aforementioned achievements and positive accreditations, Liberal Democratic Party has recently encountered numerous challenges both domestically and internationally in implementing it policies. Some of the challenges include and not limited to: demographic trends, fear of return of deflation of national economy, opposition to collective self-defense legislation, security challenges from North Korea and China, opposition to the unleashing of military and nuclear revival as well as uncertain direction of change in reforming the economy. Challenges facing Liberal Democratic Party As earlier stated there are numerous challenges currently facing the ruling Liberal Democratic Party of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, however, in this section I will discuss at least three of such challenges. One of the aforementioned challenges that I will discuss is the Japan’s demographic drag, shrinkage and sinking. The other which I will discuss are fear of return of deflation of national economy, opposition to collective self-defense legislation, security challenges from North Korea and China, opposition to the unleashing of military and nuclear revival as well as uncertain direction of change in reforming the economy. Japan’s Demographic trends 1 Reed, Steven R. "The Liberal Democratic Party: an explanation of its successes and failures." Critical Readings on the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan . BRILL, 2018. 1339-1342).
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