Fracking - Z1st affirmative Before we start what even is...

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Z1st affirmative: Before we start, what even is fracking? Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is used to extract oil and gas from shale rock. The process involves drilling down into the earth. chemicals are injected into the rock at high pressure. This allows the gas to flow out to the head of the well. The term ‘fracking’ refers to how the rock is fractured apart by the high-pressure mixture. In particular, it involves pumping up to 16 Olympic swimming pools’ worth of water, chemical additives and sand into shale rocks lying between two and three kilometres underground. This creates a network of small fractures in the rocks, releasing gas or oil that moves into the water stream and is pumped or carried to the surface. Fracking has been linked to causing earthquakes. Earthquakes can occur when fracking takes place near a geological fault. It’s a bit like how a hovercraft works, by pumping air to produce a cushion so it can slip more easily over the land surface. If frack fluid is pumped into a geological fault, it can also slip more
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