Anchoveta_Peru.doc - VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS Anchoveta(anchovy fisheries in Peru Draft September 2010 Yvonne Evans 1 Production The anchovy Engraulis

Anchoveta_Peru.doc - VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS Anchoveta(anchovy...

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VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS Anchoveta (anchovy) fisheries in Peru Draft September 2010 Yvonne Evans 1. Production : - The anchovy Engraulis ringens, better known as Anchoveta in Peru, is a pelagic fish in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, and are regularly caught by purse seiner vessels all along the Peruvian coast including the north of Chile. The pelagic species Anchoveta live up to 4 years, reaching 20 cm. Recruitment occurs after about 6 months when the fish has reached a length of over 8 cm. Anchoveta eats mostly phytoplankton, but its diet also includes small zooplankton and larvae. It is a marine and coastal species that lives mainly within 80 km of coast, but can occasionally be as far out as 160 km, forming huge schools, in surface waters (descending in daytime to up to 50 m, rising at night). Entirely dependent on the rich plankton of the Peruvian cold Current, but availability for catches is reduced when warmer and less saline surface water extends southward over the Peruvian coast (the so-called El Niño phenomenon). Peruvian Anchoveta, the most caught fish in world history in terms of volume, is extensively used in the fishmeal industry and has a large history since 1950 in Peru. Recently Anchoveta has started to be used for direct human consumption species, mainly canned and sometimes fresh, frozen or salted. Landing prices have not been a special concern to government, private companies nor the industry at large since the margin between fish landed price and fishmeal export price has always been one of the most profitable business in the fisheries world. It is possible to construct estimates of landing prices by making assumptions about the relationship between landing prices of Anchoveta and export prices of fishmeal. To our knowledge, this will at best be a rough approximation of landing prices. 1.1 Statistics 1.1.1 Production For Fishmeal (Indirect Human consumption): Fishmeal is used for fish (aquaculture) and animal breeding, thus this is labeled fish for indirect human consumption since it will eventually be part of edible meats (chicken, pork and the same) or fish. Fishmeal is also a basic raw material for the huge pet food market. The increased growth factor associated with the use anchovy meal provides in starter feeds for animals is due to its content of essential amino and fatty acids, and is greatly appreciated in the food and feed industry.
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For Direct Human Consumption: the marketing of Anchoveta for direct human consumption has been proposed in order to fight against starvation and malnutrition, mainly for low income groups in Peru. However, companies also see a pure business opportunity for marketing Anchoveta and the number of Anchoveta products marketed in groceries stores and supermarkets has increased rapidly during the last years.
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