A2_SARIO.docx - Sario Kachel Joy S A2 GED107 – C1 September 7 2019 KANT’S MORAL PHILOSOPHY Back in the post-Enlightment age people believed that

A2_SARIO.docx - Sario Kachel Joy S A2 GED107 – C1...

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Sario, Kachel Joy S. A2 GED107 – C1 September 7, 2019 KANT’S MORAL PHILOSOPHY Back in the post-Enlightment age, people believed that morality can only come out of religion or faith. People base their principles on the knowledge that there is a divine Being that ordains and judges for humans what is good and what is bad. In this kind of thinking, sceptics may see that our roles with regards to morality then becomes that out of compliance and obedience, not genuine or innate in us. St. Thomas Aquinas provided a different stand in his Natural Law Theory that morality comes from us, but only because we are made by God – that being made by Him in all His knowledge of good and evil do we become knowledgeable of morality. This still poses the idea that by ourselves alone, we can never know what is moral or not, unless there is God who can tell for us which is which. On this matter, 18 th Century German philosopher, while also thinking that morality is not supplied by a supernatural being, he has however a different approach. Whether or not morality truly exists and whether or not we choose to believe so, he believed that through pure reason we are capable of being moral ourselves – and perhaps why morality is a thing and that it is natural that we associate our actions with it every now and then. He thought that moral laws are the product of us being rational beings, of being able to think and listen to reason, regardless of our religious beliefs or lack thereof. He also thinks that if we look to religion as a basis for our morality, we would not be able to come to a common ground since doctrine varies from one religion to another. Kant starts his argument by posing the question “what does it mean to be good?” or in other words, what is the qualification for being good or what makes an action genuinely good? Kant answers by saying that to be good, one must possess in himself the good will . This simply means that having the genuine will to do the right thing is the only way one can be considered morally good. With this kind of principle, it then warns that it is not the consequences of your actions that matter, so much if they happen to be good or bad results, but the motive behind those actions is what counts. For example, if a rich man donates to a charity only for the sake of ‘feeling good’ for himself, that does not make him morally good. He can only be considered good if he genuinely donated out of his moral conscience. In this argument, Kant compels us to exercise our capacity for reason and free will. Thus, to him, morality is a set of rules that you place on yourself, and to act ‘immorally’ then means to contradict those principles. And because morality is a result of us being capable of reason, Kant makes morality as inevitable as logic as to him, morality is constant. It is then the default precepts on ways that make sense for people to act or think. Therefore, if
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