Organizing and Staffing.ppt - Project Management Organizing and Staffing Prepared by Amy Fe A Adap Phillip R Foronda Allen Christian M Gallardo Sheila G

Organizing and Staffing.ppt - Project Management Organizing...

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Project Management Project Management Organizing and Staffing Organizing and Staffing Prepared by: Amy Fe A. Adap Phillip R. Foronda Allen Christian M. Gallardo Sheila G. Griengo
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Introduction Nature and Importance and purpose of organization Principles of Organization Types of Organization Committees Centralization and Decentralization of Authority and Responsibility Nature and Importance of Staffing Process of Selection and Recruitment
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ORGANIZATION It is a social group which distributes tasks for a collective goal. The word itself is derived from the Greek Word ‘Organon”, itself derived from a better-known word ‘ergon” – as we know ‘organ”- and it means a compartment for a particular job.
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Few Definitions Organization – is a system of cooperated activities of two or more persons (Chester Bernard) Organization is a form of human association for the attainment of a common purpose – Mooney and Reily Organization is a structural relationship by which an enterprise is bound together and the framework in which individual effort are coordinated – Koontz and o’Donell Organization is like a musical store. T is not the sound from each instrument which matters but the harmony between them and overall – Peter Drucker
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Nature and Importance and Purpose of Organization o Made of People o Common Goals and personal goals o Both vertical and horizontal relationships o Establishes authority or chain of command o Dynamics of organization o Facilitates administration o Help optimum utilization of resources o Coordination and direction o Facilitates growth and diversification o Stimulates creativity o Enlarge abilities of employees
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Principles of Organization Co-ordination Authority and responsibility Unity of objectives Span of control (Time, knowledge) Dividing and grouping of activities Delegation Communication Balance (between authority and responsibility) Flexibility Simplicity Primary Line and supportive Staf
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Principles of Organization Productivity value of goods and services produced/value of resources utilized for this production
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Formal organization It is an organization which clearly defines the authority, responsibility and inter relations of people working therein. Authority, responsibility and accountability of individuals in the organization is very well defined. Hence, facilitating the co- ordination of various activities of the organization is very efective.
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Informal Organization One which is not reliant on a hierarchical structure, typical of large- scale companies. Informal Originations have very loose structures. People can become members freely and sometimes spontaneously: relationships are undefined and the sharing of responsibility and involvement of members will vary considerably.
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Structure of the Organization depends on the following facts:
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Main types of Organization Line, Military types of organizations Functional Organization Line and Staff organization Product/Project organization Matrix or Grid Organization Committee organization
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