lecture_2, Agricultural projects.ppt - ROLE OF PROJECTS IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Project – a discrete unit of work which has a starting point

lecture_2, Agricultural projects.ppt - ROLE OF PROJECTS IN...

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Project – a discrete unit of work which has a starting point, intermediate activities, events, review points and concluding point in time, all of which are planned for and roughly foreseen in advance Agricultural projects – highly organized undertakings to bring specific changes within defined time periods 1 ROLE OF PROJECTS IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
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Examples of undertakings: 1. supervised credit 2. modernization of food marketing system 3. land tenure reform 4. irrigation scheme 5. expansion of agricultural trade 6. livelihood projects 2 Role of Projects …
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Projects – are concentrated highly organized efforts to achieve a specific task within a period of time they focus on innovative changes related to development they require a combination of services and expertise cutting across usual line of authority need personnel and supportive help often change from one stage to another geographic boundaries may not correspond to usual organizational structures innovative nature is subject to volatile political and public relation 3 Role of Projects …
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The Phases of Project Evolution Creation of Follow-up and Preconditions Planning Analysis Implementation Encouragement for Project of Self-sustained Success Progress BEFORE DURING AFTER 4 Role of Projects …
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For a project to succeed, planners need to give attention to all of these DIAGNOSTIC PERSPECTIVES: Technical – agronomic, animal husbandry or engineering viewpoint on relevant aspects of the project Institutional – the organization structures, communication mechanism and lines of authority and influence Alternatives – examination of project design possibilities from viewpoint of resource-use efficiency and other relevant aspects Means-end continuum – project outputs and purposes viewed in the broader contexts of compatibility with agency, sectoral or national goal 5 Role of Projects …
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Diagnostic Perspectives … Human behavior – the motivational group interaction, leadership, and cultural elements that are important to project success Political – compatibility of the project with political concerns and with accepted processes of generating socio-economic change Financial and economic – consistency of the project with funding constraints, social-financial management, and the realities of economic relationships Integrative systems – examination of how the various project components or steps are coordinated and interact with one another 6 Role of Projects …
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THE PLANNING PROCESS 7 Role of Projects … Study Environment Establish Planning Premises
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