Shaping the Modern World.pptx - Shaping the Modern World 1815-2018 The Dark Ages(5th to 10th Century Wars of Dynastic Succession Treaty of

Shaping the Modern World.pptx - Shaping the Modern World...

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Shaping the Modern World 1815-2018
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The Dark Ages (5 th to 10 th Century)
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Wars of Dynastic Succession
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Treaty of Westphalia (1648) Ended Thirty Years War in 1648 Established Sovereignty as basis of European Organization Sovereignty means state have legal and political supremacy over their territories No power above the state in international relations (anarchy) State responsible for their own security Situation of self-help
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Two centuries of military and economic competition follow Westphalia War nearly constant Mercantilist competitions Economic and military power complemented each other Colonial monopolies Economically inefficient (text page 7) Ends with defeat of Napoleon (1815)
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Long Peace of 19 th Century (1815-1914)
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Relative Peace and Economic Cooperation No systemic war Increased economic cooperation Free trade dominance Repeal Corn Laws (1846) Cobden-Chevalier Treaty (1860)
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Sources of Long Peace Philosophy of Free Trade (ideas) Threat of French Revolution (domestic class problems take precedence)
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Unformatted text preview: • British Hegemony • Hegemonic Stability Theory argues that international cooperation requires one dominant state to entice and enforce cooperation • Britain in 19 th century • US after 1945 • Hegemony necessarily declines WWI-WWII Sources of Global War, 1913-1945 • Changing Balance of power • Rise of German power (unified in 1870) • Decline of Russia and Austria • Other Issues • End of colonial competition • Solving of social Question Consequences of Global War • Rise of Collective Security Arrangements • League of Nations • United Nations • Democratization of Europe • Decolonization • US replaces British hegemony (after WWII) • Bipolar world during Cold War • US • USSR Cold War, 1945-1991 • Bipolar (two powers)—means no balancing dynamics • Ideological • Communism • Capitalism • Hegemonic • Superpowers dominate world • Creates short-term stability 21 st century Globalization...
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  • Fall '19
  • Costello

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