E4.docx - On December 1 1955 Rosa Parks a black tailor’s assistant who had just completed her day’s work in a Montgomery Alabama department store

E4.docx - On December 1 1955 Rosa Parks a black tailor’s...

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On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a black tailor’s assistant who had just completed her day’s work in a Montgomery, Alabama, department store, refused to surrender her seat on a city bus to a white rider, as required by local law. When news of Parks’s arrest spread, hundreds of blacks gathered in a local church and vowed to refuse to ride the buses until accorded equal treatment. Park’s arrest sparked a yearlong Montgomery bus boycott, the beginning of the mass phase of the civil rights movement in the South. For 381 days, despite legal harassment and occasional violence, black maids, janitors, teachers, and students walked to their destinations or rode an informal network of taxis. Finally, in November 1956, the Supreme Court ruled segregation in public transportation unconstitutional. The boycott ended in triumph. The successful year-long boycott protesting segregation on city buses was led by the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. On December 5, 1955, in order to unite the people for the civil rights struggle, the young Baptist minister Martin Luther King Jr. gave a speech to a mass rally of local African-Americans at Montgomery, Alabama. In his speech to the gathering, he invoked Christian and American ideals
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