Chapter 21 - Chapter 21 Life expectancy in Europe was very...

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Chapter 21 Life expectancy in Europe was very low because of all the smoke in the air. Manchester, The First Industrial City The first cotton mills, built on the banks of the River Irwell in northern England, transformed Manchester from a country town into a booming industrial city. The use of chemicals to bleach and dye the cloth and the introduction of steam engines in the early nineteenth century to power the spinning and weaving Causes of the Industrial Revolution Population Growth The Agricultural Revolution enclosure/productivity Trade and Inventiveness Commercial expansion in Europe Britain and Continental Europe Britain industrialized first > infrastructure/ resources/technology The Industrial Revolution in Britain, ca.1850 The first industries arose in northern and western England These regions had abundant coal and iron ore deposits for the iron industry, as well as moist climate and fast-flowing rivers, factors important for the cotton textile industry. The Technological Revolution Mass Production: Pottery coffee/tea consumption Josiah Wedgwood- division of labor Mechanization: The Cotton Industry New inventions Spinning jenny Richard Arkwright- water frame
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