History mind tram - Zheng He Wade-Giles romanization Cheng...

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Zheng He, Wade-Giles romanization Cheng Ho, original name Ma Sanbao, later Ma He (born c. 1371, Kunyang, near Kunming , Yunnan province, China—died 1433, Calicut [now Kozhikode], India ), admiral and diplomat who helped extend the maritime and commercial influence of China throughout the regions bordering the indian ocean. He commanded seven naval expeditions almost a century before the Portuguese reached India by sailing around the southern tip of African. --------------------------------------------------------------- The Qing Dynasty (1644–1912) was the last Chinese dynasty, and the longest dynasty ruled by foreigners (the Manchus from Manchuria, northeast of the Great Wall). -------------------------------------------- Emperor Kangxi was the second emperor of the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty. He ruled the empire from 1661 to 1722. Kangxi, born Xuanye, was one of the longest-reigning emperors in dynastic history. ---------------------------------------------------- The Macartney Embassy, also called the Macartney Mission, was the first British diplomatic mission to China, which took place in 1793. It is named for its leader, George Macartney , Great Britain's first envoy to China. The goals of the mission included the opening of new ports for British trade in China, the establishment of a permanent embassy in Beijing , the cession of a small island for British use along China's coast, and the relaxation of trade restrictions on British merchants in Guangzhou (Canton). Macartney's delegation met with the Qianlong Emperor , who rejected all of the British requests. Although the mission failed to achieve its official objectives, it was later noted for the extensive cultural, political, and geographical observations its participants recorded in China and brought back to Europe. --------------------------------------- The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the Tokugawa bakufu and the Edo bakufu was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1600 and 1868. The head of government was the shogun ,and each was a member of the Tokugawa clan . The Tokugawa shogunate ruled from Edo Castle and the years of the shogunate became known as the Edo period .This time is also called the Tokugawa period or pre-modern ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- popularly known as Akbar I and later Akbar the Great, was the third Mughal emperor , who reigned from 1556 to 1605. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun , under a regent, Bairam Khan , who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Aurangzeb, (born November 3, 1618, Dhod, Malwa [India]—died March 3, 1707), emperor of India from 1658 to 1707, the last of the great Mughal emperors. Under him the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent, although his policies helped lead to its dissolution. The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was an Indian power that dominated much of the Indian subcontinent in the 18th century. The empire formally existed from 1674 with the coronation of Chhatrapati Shivaji and ended in 1818 with the defeat of Peshwa Bajirao The Marathas were responsible to a large extent for ending Mughal rule in India.
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