Employee Motivations.pdf - EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION 1 Employee Motivations Name University of the People EMPLOYEE MOTIVATIONS 2 Over the years there has been

Employee Motivations.pdf - EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION 1 Employee...

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EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION 1 Employee Motivations Name University of the People
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EMPLOYEE MOTIVATIONS 2 Over the years there has been significant contributions from multiple disciplines that has significantly developed modern-day management attitude and practices. The most important among them are Mayo, Maslow, Herzberg and McGregor theories. Mayo Theory Elton Mayo’s theory focused on how to improve the performance of workers through improved benefits and working conditions. He conducted an experiment utilizing light, extension of breaks and working hours (Mulder, n.d.). According to Mayo’s theory, enhanced working conditions will enrich the performance of workers. The experiment he carried out at the Hawthorne plant in 1924 was a big success. The conclusion gained from the Hawthorne research was that devoting attention to employees resulted in enhanced performance (Mulder, n.d.) Maslow Theory Abraham Maslow’s business theory presented a fresh style that concentrated on how employers will be take care of their employees and not the other way around. Maslow’s management concept demonstrated a pyramid, distributed horizontally into 5 sections, each one signifying one of the basic human needs that influences actions (Dininni, 2017). Maslow theory
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