34672-Article Text-123984-2-10-20171231.pdf - South East Asia Journal Of Public Health ISSN 2220-9476 ISSN 2313-531X(Online Review Major Public Health

34672-Article Text-123984-2-10-20171231.pdf - South East...

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Major Public Health Problems in Nigeria: A review Faisal Muhammad 1 , Jamil Hassan Abdulkareem 2 , ABM Alauddin Chowdhury 3 1 Research Assistant; 3 Assistant Professor; Department of Public Health, Daffodil International University, Dhaka; Bangladesh. 2 Lecturer, Department of Environmental Health, New Gate College of Health Technology, Minna Niger State, Nigeria. Review South East Asia Journal Of Public Health ISSN: 2220 - 9476 ISSN: 2313 - 531X (Online) Keywords: Public Health, Maternal - Mortality, Malaria, HIV/AIDS, Nigeria. South East Asia Journal of Public Health 2017;7(1):6 - 11. © 2017 Muhammad et al., publisher and licensee Public Health Foundation Bangladesh. This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted non - commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. DOI: Nigeria is often referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. 1 With approximately 182 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has one of the largest populations of youth in the world. 2 Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with more than 170 million people. 3 It is a nation made of more than 250 ethnic groups, 380 languages, and a diverse range of cultural and religious beliefs and practices. Health problems in Nigeria are challenging, but addressing them using public health principles is necessary to support stability in this important area of the world. The inadequate programs designed to address the numerous health problems in Nigeria have led to the little improvement in our health status. Overall life expectancy at birth is 54 years; infant mortality rate is 86 per 1000 live birth while maternal mortality ratio is 840 per 100,000 live births. 4 Besides the continued neglect of the importance of addressing public health issues would make matters worse for poor Nigerians most of who are at the receiving end. Nigerians will continue to die unnecessarily from preventable conditions and disease if there are no proper programs designed to address each of these problems. The first WHO Global Status Report on non - communicable disease listed Nigeria and other developing countries as the worst hit with deaths from non - communicable diseases. 5 These diseases with a rising burden in Nigeria include cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, sickle cell disease, asthma, coronary heart disease, obesity, stroke, hypertension, road traffic injuries and mental disorders. According to the 2011 World Health Statistics, malaria mortality rate for Nigeria Introduction Practice Points Nigeria is often referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy, with approximately 182 million inhabitants.
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