2.30 HRs Approach to Agl & Rural Dvt 2019 Sdt Copy.pptx - Human Rights Approach to Agricultural Development in the 21st c Tsegabirhan W.Giorgis DoE

2.30 HRs Approach to Agl & Rural Dvt 2019 Sdt Copy.pptx...

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Human Rights Approach to Agricultural Development in the 21 st c. Tsegabirhan W.Giorgis, DoE, CBE, AAU, 2019-2020 Academic Year, 1 st semester, November, 2019
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Introduction: Why Interest on Inequality, for Agricultural Economics Agricultural sector and rural societies have been the sources of livelihood of many millions who have been suffering from abject poverty, marginalization, deprivation, all sorts of development deficiencies. This state has sustained in the 19 th & 20 th centuries . So understanding of agricultural and rural development can be complete in the context of our explicitly or implicitly stated perspective on inequality, poverty , which in turn should be understood in the context of human rights . Humanities should explicitly come up with a theory and mechanism to live with the abject poverty, inequality, and hence injustice of the 20 th c or else should pursue human rights approach to agricultural development to ensure justice, sustainable development for everyone and for all in the 21 st c.
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Intl Politics of Human Rights Based Approaches to Development (HRBAD) Championed by UN Institutions but ignored by World Bank, IMF, WTO and bilateral institutions, which however are the most powerful (politically and financially) institutions and actors. For a few decades, the link between the UN’s work on development/ humanitarian issues and its work on human rights was weak, mainly for political reasons: human rights had become highly politicized with some States prioritizing civil and political rights and others stressing the importance of economic, social and cultural rights—while development was dealt with more pragmatically through technical assistance . With the end of this global ideological divide in the 1990s, the link between human rights and development was re- established, including through the UN . (UNDP, 2012)
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Intl Politics of HRs-Human Rights Based Approaches to Development (HRBAD) In 1966, two separate treaties, covering almost entirely all the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights were adopted after approximately 20 years of negotiations : one for civil and political rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR ), and one for economic, social and cultural rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). The ICESCR was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 16 December 1966 and entered into force on 3 January 1976 . (WHO, Regional office for the Eastern Mediterranean, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights)
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Larger Freedom-Trinity of the UN Goals 1. “ We will not enjoy development without security , we will not enjoy security without development, and we will not enjoy either without respect for human rights ”. (UN Secretary General, 2005) 2. Holistic approach to development, security, human rights and democracy should be the governing policy direction.
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