quizzch#32.docx - Quiz 32 1 Which of the following terms...

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Quiz 32 1. Which of the following terms best applies to the fungus participant in a typical lichen? Mutualist 2. The symbiotic relationship between green alga or cyanobacteria and fungi produce; Lichens 3. Specialized symbiotic associations between the roots of plants and fungi are called Mycorrhizae 4. Which one of the following fungal groups has an alternation of multicellular gametophyte and sporophyte generations? Blastocladiomycota 5. What type of symbiotic relationship is exemplified by athlete’s foot? Parasitism 6. The rusts and smuts that seriously affect corp plants are; basidiomycetes 7. Mushrooms are fungi belonging to the phylum_________? ; Basidiomycota 8. A mass of hyphae in an ascomycete is commonly referred to as a; mycelium 9. A mature walled ascus of an ascomycete usually contains; eight haploid nuclei 10. Asexual reproduction in ascomycetes takes place by means of; conidia 11. The yeasts, common molds, and truffles are common and economically important and found in the group of; ascomycetes 12. Beker’s yeast is a single-called ascomycete that is used I bread making. Why does yeast make bread dough rise? Carbon dioxide is produced during fermentation 13. Which molecule would be an indicator of fungal contamination in during preparation? Chitin 14. In basidiomycetes the______ is diploid. Zygote 15. Ectomycorrhizae associations in which the fungal hyphae surround but do not penetrate the cell walls of the plant……… basidiomycetes 16. What type of symbiotic relationship is exemplified by mycorrhizal fungi? Mutualism 17. Lichens are mutualisms between; fungi and an alga 18. The fungal group that is most closely related to ancestral fungal are the; Chytridiomycota 19. Arbuscular mycorrhizae are characterized by all of the following features except; the fungus can associate with several species of plants 20. Alexander Fleming kept finding mold contamination that was killing his bacterial culture. This observation eventually lead to the development of the antibiotic penicillin. Why would a fungus produce compound that is selectively toxic to bacteria? Fungi compete with bacteria for resources 21. Why are fungi used to clean oil spills?
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