LING 100_W7_Tu_.pptx - Linguistics 100 Section 1 Spring 2018 P R O F E S S O R EMAIL OFFICE D R K AT H A R I N A S C H U H M A N N [email protected] 238

LING 100_W7_Tu_.pptx - Linguistics 100 Section 1 Spring...

This preview shows page 1 - 7 out of 26 pages.

Linguistics 100 Section 1, Spring 2018 PROFESSOR: DR. KATHARINA SCHUHMANN EMAIL: [email protected] OFFICE: 238 BURROWES OFFICE HOURS: THURSDAYS, 1:30-2:30 PM AND BY APPOINTMENT 2/20/18
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Course Announcements Homework 3 will be due on Thursday (Feb 22) – beginning of class You can work on this with a partner or group, but the write-up must clearly be your own Quiz 3 will also take place on Thursday (Feb 22) It will involve some phonetics (e.g., providing Minimal Pairs in IPA) and making references to one of the 3 consonantal descriptive characteristics or the 4 vowel characteristics when discussing phonological patterns You might be asked to explain phonological patterns and phonological concepts that we’ve discussed (phonemes vs. allophones; the allophones of English voiceless stops; the German fricative data [to be further discussed today] You might also be asked to solve a novel phonological problem. (Use the homework exercises as further practice!) 2
Image of page 2
Distribution: Complementary vs. Contrastive Complementary distribution (=non-overlapping distribution) occurs when two sounds never occur in the same environment This means the sounds are likely allophones of the same phoneme Contrastive distribution (overlapping distribution) occurs when two sounds occur in the same environment in different words (with different meanings); an easy/ideal case are so-called Minimal Pairs, like c at- h at ; or c a t-K a te ; or ca t -ca p This means the sounds cannot belong to the same phoneme, but are contrastive phonemes 3
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

Summary Table (from LF3) Contrastive Allophonic Free Variation Relation to phonemes (Allophones of) separate phonemes Allophones of the same phoneme Allophones of the same phoneme Predictability of distribution Unpredictable Predictable (systematic) Unpredictable How you can tell Overlapping distribution, minimal pairs Complementary distribution (= never in same environment) Overlapping distribution with no difference in meaning Examples [ t h ɑp] vs. [ h ɑp] (“top” vs. “hop”) [ t h ɑp] vs. [s t ɑp] (“top” vs. “stop”) [t h ɑ ] vs. [ t h ɑ p ] (“top” & “top”)
Image of page 4
Review: Finding Minimal Pairs Minimal pairs are pairs of words with the following two properties: (i) They have all the same sounds except one , and (ii) their meanings are distinct . Some English examples : p at , b at (word initial consonant) sh i p , sh ee p (vowel in a single syllable CVC word) ha t , ha d (word final consonant) etc. 5 A minimal pair shows us that the two sounds that differ between words in each pair are contrastive sounds (because they’re the reason we have a difference in meaning) We call contrastive sounds “ phonemes
Image of page 5

Subscribe to view the full document.

Practice: Finding Minimal Pairs “Standard Italian” (data from p. 146 of LF ) a. [tinta] ‘dye’ g. [ti ŋgo] ‘I dye’ b. [tɛnda] ‘tent’ h. [tɛ ŋgo] ‘I keep’ c. [danʧa]
Image of page 6
Image of page 7
  • Spring '14
  • STEPHENS,NOLAMAR

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes