CJU Ch 4.pdf - Early English Policing ● Before formal police policing fell to a social unit referred to as the borh ○ Voluntary membership(12 ○ If

CJU Ch 4.pdf - Early English Policing ● Before formal...

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Early English Policing Before formal police, policing fell to a social unit referred to as the borh Voluntary membership (12) If a member committed a crime, the other members were committed to bring him to justice Frankpledge system All men over the age of 12 in groups of 10 households (tithing) Mandatory membership Members had to produce any man of that tithing suspected of committing a crime or bear responsibility for his alleged misdeeds Ten tithings- hundred Supervised by a leader called a hundredman (appointed) Hundredman is considered the first real police officer Parish constable Generally unarmed, unpaid, and part-time Originally elected; eventually appointed by the justice of the peace As population increased, constables were unable to function successfully Shire Reeves operated in country-like settings (precursor to sheriffs) City watchmen were used to protect property in England's larger cities and towns
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  • Fall '07
  • FITCHELBERG

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