CRJU CH 1 .pdf - Ch 1 Notes What is the criminal justice system ● Institution policies and practices focused on social control and deterring crime

CRJU CH 1 .pdf - Ch 1 Notes What is the criminal justice...

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Ch 1 Notes What is the criminal justice system? Institution, policies and practices focused on social control and deterring crime through action and rehabilitation Three primary components Law enforcement Courts Corrections Law enforcement Investigates crimes and apprehends individuals who have allegedly committed a crime Courts Interpret and apply the law Corrections Protect society from criminal through housing, monitoring, and other community based programs Size of the System The CJS is huge and costly 212 billion dollars to run they system yearly -$670 per person Why? Almost 7 million adults were being supervised in jail, prison, parole, or probation in 2014 More than 2.2 million adults were incarcerated at year end in 2014 How does the CJS work? Many systems found in local, state, and federal government Systems do not operate in isolation of each component Each section overlaps and functions with feedback from each other A Road Map Begins with a crime becoming known to the police Police investigate, identity, and apprehend the offender Information that is gathered is then presented to the prosecutor If charges are filed, the prosecutor may proceed toward plea bargain or trial Once charge, the accused appears before a judge for arraignment Arraignment: charger are given. Defendant informed of his/her rights, enters a plea Guilty, not-guilty, nolo contendere(accepts penalty without admitting guilt At trial, prosecution and defense present evidence and question witnesses Conclusion:conviction or acquittal Sentence is impose
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Punishment possibilities Jail Prison
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