AP Chapter 6 Study Guide.docx - Chapter 6 – Bones and Skeletal Tissue Types of Skeletal Cartilage Locations and Functions o Hyaline cartilage o

AP Chapter 6 Study Guide.docx - Chapter 6 – Bones and...

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Chapter 6 – Bones and Skeletal Tissue Types of Skeletal Cartilage, Locations, and Functions o Hyaline cartilage o Elastic cartilage o Fibrocartilage Cartilage grows in 2 ways: o Appositional growth o Interstitial growth Functions of Bones o Support o Protection o Movement o Mineral and growth factor storage o Blood cell formation o Triglyceride storage o Hormone production 1
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Chapter 6 – Bones and Skeletal Tissue Bones are classified according to location and shape – Axial ( bones), Appendicular ( bones) o Long Bones Ex: o Short Bones Ex: o Flat Bones Ex: o Irregular Ex: Types of Bone o Compact bone o Spongy bone Bone Structure o Diaphysis o Epiphysis 2
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Chapter 6 – Bones and Skeletal Tissue o Periosteum o Endosteum Hematopoietic Tissue Bone Markings o Projections are Tuberosity Crest Trochanter Line Tubercle Epicondyle Spine Process o Projections that Head Facet 3
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Chapter 6 – Bones and Skeletal Tissue Condyle Ramus o Depressions and openings
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Unformatted text preview: Groove Fissure Foramen Notch Meatus Sinus Fossa Bone cells o Osteoblasts o Osteocytes o Osteoclasts Anatomy of Compact Bone o Osteon ( ) - Osteo - o Canals and canaliculi 4 Chapter 6 – Bones and Skeletal Tissue o Osteoid Prenatal Bone Development o Endochondral Ossification 5 Chapter 6 – Bones and Skeletal Tissue o Intramembranous Ossification Postnatal Bone Growth o o Bone Remodeling o Bone deposition o Bone resorption Fracture Classification o Simple o Compound o Specific examples of bone fractures Comminuted 6 Chapter 6 – Bones and Skeletal Tissue Compression Spiral Epiphyseal Depressed Greenstick Bone Repair after Fracture o 1. - o 2. - o 3. - o 4. - Homeostatic Imbalances of Bone o Osteomalacia o Rickets o Osteoporosis 7 Chapter 6 – Bones and Skeletal Tissue o Paget’s Disease 8...
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