0_1_State_&_Significance_of_Agre.pptx - The State Significance of Agriculture Rural Societies in the 21st century Tsegabirhan W.Giorgis DoE CBE AAU

0_1_State_&_Significance_of_Agre.pptx - The State...

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The State & Significance of Agriculture & Rural Societies in the 21 st century Tsegabirhan W.Giorgis, DoE, CBE, AAU, 2019-2020 Academic Year, 1 st semester Oct 2019
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The State of African Agriculture “The agricultural sector in sub-Saharan Africa, with the exceptions of South Africa and Namibia, is based predominantly on small-scale farming : 65% of the population live from agriculture . The average farm size is 1.6 hectares; most farms are smaller . In international comparisons, African small-scale farming performs poorly at first glance . Average grain yields weigh in at 1.5 tonnes per hectare in comparison to 4 tonnes per hectare in South Asia . Sub-Saharan African countries import 10–20% of the cereals they need . A disproportionately high number of people affected by hunger live in rural areas and work in agriculture .” (Rauch Theo and Bachmann Lorenz, 2016, p.3)
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What is the Destiny of Agriculture in the Future, in the 21 st century? What is the future of Agriculture and the Rural Societies? Would there be farming in the 21 st century in the DCS? a. As a traditional sector, is it to going to emaciate and significantly reduce its role? or die, giving its place to the next development phase, manufacturing development followed by Service sector? i.e. is agricultural economics an economics of a dying industry? b. Would it remain necessary and relevant in the 21 st century, by its own for its own sake? If so Is agricultural economics about a vibrant, transforming sector?
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Alternative Approaches to address the Questions related to the Future of Agriculture The world is food insecure . The rate of increase of demand for agricultural products will remain higher than the supply and trend of agricultural and food production. (Maggio et al, 2015, p.3) Despite important progress, recent estimates indicate that 805 million people were unable to access sufficient food in 2012-2014 . (Maggio et al, 2015, p.3)
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High Demand for Food & Agricultural Products In 2012 world population, 7 billion by 2050 there will be 9 billion people. Food Demand shall increase by 50% in 2050 . But food production will increase by only 35% by 2030 (FAO estimate). Yet, the trend of food production is 20% while the vision is 35% by 2030.
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