planning ch3.pdf - Chapter Three Methodology and Stages of Planning Chapter contents 9Basic Data in Planning 9Methodology of planning 9Stages of

planning ch3.pdf - Chapter Three Methodology and Stages of...

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Chapter Three: Methodology and Stages of Planning Chapter contents: 9 Basic Data in Planning 9 Methodology of planning 9 Stages of Economic planning 9 The process of Plan Formulation and Adoption 9 Plan Implementation 9 Plan monitoring and evaluation 1 Abraham S.
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3.1. Basic Data in Planning Data : are numbers(figures) or words (facts) capable of yielding information about people, things, events, concepts, organizations, countries, etc. In respect to planning, data are required for three main purposes: 9 To identify the existing development needs and problems 9 To identify and evaluate alternative policies and courses of action 9 To provide feedback about the impact of these courses of actions during or after their implementation . Ch.3 (cont…) 2 by Abraham S.
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Types of data required for planning are of 3 types: a) Data which provide information about distribution of a group of values & spatial distributions as well. b) Data concerning relationships between the different factors which are linked plans. c) Development indicators: that is development data which indicate the degree or the level of development attained in respect to different variables in particular time and area or among a particular group of people. 3 by Abraham S. Ch.3 (cont…)
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3.2. Methodology of planning: The planner is gone through the following steps in economic planning : (a)Collecting information : The most important aspect of economic planning is the collection of economic data. 9 The data are not only comprised economic data, but they also cover the demographical, geographical, and political data. 9 The planner also considers non-quantitative data for economic planning. 9 The planner or the team of planners must have an enough knowledge regarding the fields like sociology, religion, politics and ethics in addition to economics. Ch.3 (cont…) 4 by Abraham S.
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b). Deciding nature and duration of the plan : Once the planning authority gets the knowledge in respect of the economy on the basis of necessary statistics, the next step is to determine the nature and size of the plan. 9 The planner has to decide between the planning on micro-basis and planning on macro-basis, functional or structural, centralized or decentralized, etc. 9 Again it is to be decided that whether the planning will be on short-term basis, medium term, or long term. In most of the countries, the medium term plans are advocated. ch.3 (cont…) 5 by Abraham S.
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(c) Setting the objectives : After the nature and the duration of plan, the next issue is of setting the objectives. 9 It is an important task before the planner to decide regarding the social and economic objectives which will have to be attained in the specified period of the plan.
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