AP&M Ch 5.docx - ATC(air traffic control A service...

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ATC (air traffic control) A service operated by appropriate authority to promote the safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of air traffic. (FAR Part 1) ATO (FAA Air Traffic Organization) the office within the FAA primarily responsible for the safe and efficient movement of air traffic within the NAS. radar ASR (airport surveillance radar) Radar providing position of aircraft by azimuth and range data. It does not provide elevation data. It is designed for range coverage up to 60 nautical miles and is used by terminal area air traffic control. NAS (National Airspace System) Plan A plan specifying in terms of general location and type of development the projects considered by the administrator to be necessa1y to provide a system of public airports adequate to anticipate and meet the needs of civil aeronautics. Replaced by the NPIAS. See criteria for inclusion in the NPIAS. PATCO (Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization) Labor organization that represented federal air traffic controllers that led a strike of air traffic controllers in 1981. NATCA (National Air Traffic Controllers Association) certified on June 19, 1987 and formed to replace the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO), which had been decertified following the well-known 1981 air-traffic controllers' strike. CIP (Capital Improvement Plan) An FAA program, established in 1991, which outlined the further enhancement of the air traffic control system. ATCSCC (Air Traffic Control System Command Center) provides macro-level management of every aircraft currently in the national airspace system, as well as those aircraft with itineraries planned hours into the future. VFR (visual flight rules) Rules that govern the procedures for conducting flight under visual conditions. (FAR Part 91) IFR (instrument flight rules) FAR rules that govern the procedures for conducting instrument flight. (FAR Part 91) NOTAM (notices to airmen) Notices containing information (not known sufficiently in advance to publicize by other means) concerning the establishment, condition, or change in any component (facility, service, or procedure) of, or hazard in, the National Airspace System, the timely knowledge of which is essential to personnel concerned with flight operations. Class A airspace: Positive Control Airspace Airspace located throughout the United States beginning at an altitude of 18,000 feet MSL up to 60,000 MSL. Class B airspace: Terminal Radar Service Areas (TRSA) Airspace surrounding the nation's busiest airports. Class C airspace: Airport Radar Service Areas (ARSA) Airspace surrounding airports of moderately high levels of IFR operations or passenger enplanements.
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TRACON (Terminal Radar Approach Control) Regional air traffic control centers that control the movement of air traffic in busy areas at altitudes under 18,000 MSL.
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