Lecture_3_9.10.docx - Lecture 3 Creation of the Universe According to the ancient Greeks o Creation did not come out of nothing o Was not instantaneous

Lecture_3_9.10.docx - Lecture 3 Creation of the Universe...

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Lecture 3: 9/10/18 Creation of the Universe According to the ancient Greeks o Creation did not come out of nothing o Was not instantaneous o Creation was a succession of generations of gods o Theogony (origin of the gods)=Cosmogony (origin of the universe) o Main source was Hesiod Oral Poet from 700 BC Purpose: to glorify Zeus Hesiod’s Theogony Includes abbreviated cosmogony In beginning, 4 forces/beings o Chaos (neuter, no gender) Chasm or gap The dark void of space o Gaea (feminine) Mother earth She is female o Tartarus (masculine) Primordial creature, place beneath the earth (yet not underworld/hades) o Eros (masculine) Sexual love or attraction, force (not a person) important for reproduction Uranus is the tyrannical husband/father Primacy of female Gaea was source of life Mother Earth goddess of primary importance in early societies Succession myths begin o Gaea gives birth as single parent to Sky (Uranus), Mountains, Sea (Pontus) o Gaea mates with Uranus to produce 6 male and 6 female titans Shifts from Primacy of Female begins Uranus acts as tyrannical husband and father o Prophecy that one of children would overthrow him
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o So he would not allow children to be born by constantly mating with Gaea o Gaea convinces youngest son (Cronus) to attack father with sickle o Cronus cuts off Uranus’ genitals and flings them over his shoulder without looking o Uranus rises up causing the separation of Heaven and Heart Uranus (heaven), Gaea (earth) Results of Cronus’ actions Costs of separation of heaven and earth Deceit and violence of son against father Blood of gods potent (motif) – means any body part of the god o The parts of them always become new things
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