Lecture_4_9.12.docx - Myth Lecture 4 Near Easter Stories Sumeria Gods did not hace enough to eat after creation of female deities who ate more than

Lecture_4_9.12.docx - Myth Lecture 4 Near Easter Stories...

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Myth Lecture 4: 9/12/18 Near Easter Stories: Sumeria Gods did not hace enough to eat after creation of female deities who ate more than their share Gods complained Enki (the clever god) did not help because he was asleep in the apsu (the abyss) Goddess Nammu (who represents primeval sea) roused him Enki and Ki (eart) made servants of clay to provide for the gods o Protypes of humans To celebrate the event, a feast was helf and a contest of creation o Ki punched off clay from edge of abyss and created humans with defects o Enki was challenged to find place for rhem in social order They exchanged roles, Enki crearing and Ki assigning “fates” o Story explained origin of ordinary humans and defective humans o Story tells us humans were desrined to be slaves of the gods o Story Distinguishes between superior creative power of Ki and inferior power of Enki Near Eastern Stories: Babylonia Babylonian myth tells us the gods created humans to be slaves to them Marduk created humans from blood and bones of Kingu Humans were destined to have work constantly NES: Biblical story of Genesis God created man “of dust from the ground and breathed into nostrils the bearth of lige” Woman was created from Adam’s rib as companion for man In beginning, both man and woman lived in paradise
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