Lecture_1_8.29.docx - Myth Lecture 1 CHAPTER 1 Definitions of Myth The Greek word for myth mythos means “authoritative speech,” or a story or plot A

Lecture_1_8.29.docx - Myth Lecture 1 CHAPTER 1 Definitions...

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Myth: Lecture 1: 8/29/18 CHAPTER 1: Definitions of Myth: The Greek word for myth, mythos, means “authoritative speech,” or a story or plot A more complete definitions is “traditional story with collective importance” Three kinds of Myth: o Divine Myth: gods/elements with religious or scientific functions, often explanatory o Legend: stories about humans in a faraway past often with special connections to gods; rooted in historical past; often with social/political uses o Folktale: stories of common folks that illustrate everyday morals; filled with magic and fantasy; functions as entertainment, as well as teaching social values Orality: Define: the quality of being spoken or verbally communicated The word traditional comes from latin, trado o Trado : hand down or hand over Myths, or traditional stories are handed down orally from one generation to another Changes are made to orally transmitted stories, but the core of the story stays the same Millman Parry o Founded modern oral traditions Albert Lord o Carried on Parry’s research in Singer of Tales Major components of tradition o Poet composed as he/she performs o Composition. No memorization or free improv o Singer of Tales does not know how to write o Use of metrical lines and half lines Metrical lines: a pattern of poetry that stresses certain syllables o Use of formulaic expressions o Definition of
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