LING 100_W1_Thu.pptx - LINGUISTICS 100 What makes a language a language REVIEW Prescriptive versus Descriptive language attitudes Prescriptive = what

LING 100_W1_Thu.pptx - LINGUISTICS 100 What makes a...

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LINGUISTICS 100 What makes a language a language?
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REVIEW Prescriptive versus Descriptive language attitudes. Prescriptive = what people should do . Descriptive = what people actually do . Does each statement below reflect prescriptive or descriptive language attitudes? Why? “Double negatives are illogical, and therefore shouldn’t be used” “Saying ‘runnin’’ instead of ‘running’ might make people think you are uneducated” “The word ‘ain’t’ is a word because people use it, and therefore it should be in the dictionary”
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ANOTHER IMPORTANT CONCEPT A second distinction that is crucial to linguistic science is that between linguistic competence and linguistic performance.
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ANOTHER IMPORTANT CONCEPT Linguistic competence is the knowledge we have of how to use our language correctly. For example: ‘Dog boy the bit’ is not an acceptable sentence of English, and it is very unlikely that any native English speaker (of any dialect) would say that. Linguistic Performance is what actually comes out of our mouths when we talk (or from our hands when we sign), where mistakes can be made. ‘I slit a sheet, a sheet I slit, upon the sheet I slit I sit’ is a sort of archaic- sounding, but acceptable, English sentence. But it is funny because if someone tries to say it fast without practice, they are very likely to say a word that they didn’t mean to say, which might not be acceptable in polite society. Take a second to talk with your neighbor(s)—can you think of any other examples?
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ANOTHER IMPORTANT CONCEPT Watch this clip . Is this a failure of the anchor’s linguistic competence or his performance?
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