Chapter 2 lecture - The Real World - The Real World...

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The Real World August 31, 2019 Overview of Research Methods - Quantitative research: translates the social world into numbers that can be studied mathematically - Qualitative research: uses nonnumerical data like texts, interviews, photos, and recordings to help understand social life The Scientific Approach - The scientific method—a procedure for acquiring knowledge that emphasizes collecting data through observation and experiment. The Scientific Method - Identify problem - Literature review - Hypotheses - Variables - Operational definitions Helps determine: - Correlation: a relationship between two variables - Causation: a relationship where one variable causes another variable to change - Spurious correlation: a relationship that seems to appear between two variables, but is actually caused by some external, or intervening, variable Paradigm Shifts - Research can lead to what Thomas Kuhn called a paradigm shift, or a change in the way we think about some aspect of life Methods: How Do We Gather Data?
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