APUSH WDSTF(Persian Gulf War)-JOEL ALEJOS - Alejos 1 Joel...

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Alejos 1 Joel Alejos Mrs. Crawford AP US History 3 April 2019 The Persian Gulf War Introduction The Persian Gulf War was a major war in American history and for the world as a whole, as it kick-started some of the wars that are taking place to this day. The actions that were taken by the United States led to major events such as the attacks of the World Trade Center, major United States’ military presence in the Middle East, and the Iraq War. The Persian Gulf War was a United States-led war, and also had the support of 32 other countries such as Britain, Egypt, France, and Saudi Arabia; these countries were known and referred to as the coalition. This war has had repercussions all the way to the present day and it continues to affect the United States to the present day. It affects the United States in the way that the United States government operates and how they handle wars in the Middle East. The war also had a major effect on terrorism and is possibly the main cause as to why America is a massive target for terrorist attacks. The Persian Gulf War, which lead to Operation Desert Shield, Operation Desert Storm, and Operation Desert Sabre, is possibly one of the most controversial wars in United States history. It is full of controversial decisions and military tactics that were carried out by George H. W. Bush, the 41 president of the United States. Going into the present day however the major questions is, how has this war affected the United States? Historical Background The Persian Gulf War made its start between Iraq, Iran, and Kuwait. Iraq and Iran had
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Alejos 2 already been in a long-running war which ended by a United Nations ceasefire in August 1988. In the mid-1990s the two states had not yet begun discussions on a permanent peace treaty. Their foreign ministers had met in Geneva in July and peace between the two had seemed promising because Saddam Hussein was prepared to resolve the conflict and return the land that his forces had been occupying. Two weeks after the meeting in Geneva, Hussein had delivered a speech accusing Kuwait of siphoning crude oil from the Ar-Rumaylah oil fields which are located on their common border. He accused Kuwait and Saudi Arabia of conspiring to keep oil prices low to appeal to western oil-consuming nations. Following this speech, Iraq had begun moving troops to the border of Kuwait. The president of Egypt at the time was alarmed by this and began negotiations between Iraq and Kuwait to prevent the United States or other major powers from outside of the Gulf to intervene and make the deal a bigger issue. Hussein ended up breaking these negotiations off after two hours and then proceeded to order his troops to invade Kuwait on August 2, 1990. Hussein thought that his fellow Arab states would just stand by while this invasion took place not thinking they would call in outside help; however, this was not what happened. Saudi Arabia and Kuwait went to the United States and other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) for support. The United Nations Security
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