SCI_CE_2_TXS.docx - Catherine Obermeier Dog disease...

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Catherine Obermeier Dog disease infecting tigers, making them fearless Tigers are losing their natural habitats and have to share more territory with humans and the animals that come with them. This also means the viruses that come with them, mainly the canine distemper virus (CDV). This is an aggressive sometimes deadly disease that causes brain damage and is typically found in dogs and other small mammals. This disease has infected fifteen and killed three of the roughly four hundred tigers left in the Russian Far East. Additionally, based on the unusual behaviors from the tigers living in Sumatra it is believed that these tigers may be suffering from the same illness. These tigers no longer fear humans and will wander onto roads and into villages, this makes the tigers easy prey for poachers and safety conscious villagers. The senior director of the conservation group Panthera, John Goodrich, found the first infected tiger back in 2003. The tiger walked into a village with no fear and sat down, however she was unresponsive to stimuli. Goodrich and his team sedated her to perform
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Unformatted text preview: tests, which came back positive for CDV, the tiger died six weeks later. It was first discovered that CDV could infect felines in the 1980s when there was an outbreak in California among big cats in captivity, very little is known about tiger distemper. CDV can have devastating effects on a big cat population, a third of the Serengeti lion population was killed off by it in 1994. Tigers are not the social butterflies that other big cats are which may be the reason that the number of infected tigers is so low. Wildlife Vets International (WVI) is trying to find the cause for the infections in order to prevent further problems. They also plan to launch the world’s first tiger-disease surveillance program, and a vaccine for rabies and distemper with the help of the Indonesian government, in hopes of preventing more tiger deaths. ...
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