soc3710 oct 1.docx - *think about research questions topics...

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*think about research questions/ topics, but more information during lecture after midterm**lecture 9 is midterm*theoriesgeneral strain theorygeneral theory of crimecontrol balance theorycritical criminology: case study of the Ontario safe streets actgeneral strain theoryimportant because his data used came from young peopleobased on survey dataoyoung people responded to questionsstarts off in agreement with merton’s anomie theoryoAgnew says there must be more Agnew says a lot of young people crime results from frustration and aggressionofrustration sometimes becomes criminal aggressionthere is an inability to achieve goalsthe removal of threat to remove positively valued stimuliostuff that is valued that is taken awayocan lead to strainthreaten or present with negative stimulionegative stimuli enters their lifeosuch as bullying, victim of crime, assaulted, robbedexplains a lot of youth crimehas been tested a lot and has good resultsohas been tested within Canadian contextgeneral strain theory and genderalso looks at gender, unlike Merton’s theorywhy gender differences in most types of youth crime?how do males/ females respond to strain?for girls, strain leads to depression, ager, guilt, shame = self-destructive behavioursomore likely to internalize strain for boys, strain leads to anger, blame others, lower levels of social control = violent behaviourstrong support system can combat thisadds social support, gender, and strain to Merton’s theorygeneral theory of crime: Gottfredson and Hirschicrime and other analogous behaviours caused by low self-contrololow self-control leads to short-term gratification and risk taking

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