HSC160(ch.2) .docx - Zahria Hart HSC 160 Chapter 2...

This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 10 pages.

August 26, 2019 Zahria Hart HSC 160 Chapter 2: Psychological Health What is Psychological Health o A broad dimension of health and wellness that encompasses both mental and emotional health. o Components: Mental Health: The “thinking” component of psychological health that allows you to perceive reality Emotional Health: The “feeling” component of psychological health that influences your interpretation of and response to events o Ryff’s Facets Self- Acceptance: Positive about oneself Purpose in life: A sense of directedness Positive relations: Capable if empathy, affection, and intimacy Autonomy: Making informed uncoerced decisions Personal growth: Ability to continue to overcome challenges Environmental mastery: Ability to choose or create suitable environments o Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs Self-Actualization Truly fulfilling your potential Self-Esteem Respecting yourself Love and Belonging Giving and receiving love Safety and Security Protection from harm by others or surroundings Physiological Needs Providing for basic needs: o Breathing o Food o Water o Shelter o Sex
THEORIES ERICKSON PIAGET KOHLBERG: o Moral-ethical
o Punishment vs. Reward Reward desired behavior, punish undesirable behavior ** Piaget and Kohlberg believed that moral development mainly occurs through our social interactions FREUD o ID: Unconscious pleasure drive o EGO: conscious self SUPEREGO: Conscience, judges right from wrong Defense Mechanisms (protect ego) Rationalization Denial Projection Repression o Something happens and it gets blocked out, basically trying not to remember Regression o Completely interfere with future Value of Optimism The phycological tendency to have a positive interpretation on things Resiliency: the innate capacity to experience success and satisfaction after a trauma or stressor Family History Rejection, abuse , abandonment, shaming, and other stresses from childhood that grows into their adulthood Social support o A suffient quantity of relationships that provide: emotional concern Help with appraisal Info Goods and services Seaward’s Pillars of Spiritual Well-being A strong personal value system, relationship internal and external A meaningful purpose in life COMMON PSYCHOLOGICAL CHALLENGES Shyness o Feeling of apprehension or intimidation in social situations o May be due to shy gene, life experiences, and/or other environmental factors o May be overcome with practice if mild o Cognitive-behavior therapy if severe
Loneliness o A feeling of isolation from others o How to handle: Take advantage of social opportunities Express yourself openly and honestly Look into counseling center resources Anger o Is a normal and healthy human emotion o How to handle:

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture