Exam #1 Study Guide!!!.docx - Exam#1 Study Guide Study...

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Exam #1 Study Guide Study Guide: Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 4 Keys to good health Exercise Don’t Smoke Eat Right Don’t abuse alcohol Personality types: A,B,C,D A- aggressive, impatient, competitive B- fairly passive, easy going, good listeners C- Not highly assertive, but wish they D- pessimistic, higher risk for depression Personality Theories: Maslow, Erickson, Kohlberg, Piaget, Freud ERICKSON Personality develops through 8 stages-Infant (birth-1 yr.): Trust vs Mistrust-Toddler (18 mos.- 2 or 3): Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt-Pre-school (3-5): Initiative vs Guilt-Grade School (5-12): Industry vs Inferiority-Teen (12-18): Identity vs Role Confusion-Young Adult (19-40): Intimacy vs Isolation-Middle Adult (40-65): Generativity vs Stagnation- Older Adult (65+): Integrity vs Despair PIAGET: Psychosocial Sensorimotor (oral): 18-24 months Pre-operational (talking, symbolic play): 2-7 years Concrete (more logical, literal): 7-12 years Formal Operations (more abstract): 12+ years KOHLBERG: Moral-Ethical Punishment - Reward-Reward desired behavior, punish undesirable behavior Piaget and Kohlberg believed that moral development mainly occurs through our social interactions. FREUD: ID: unconscious pleasure drive EGO: conscious self-SUPEREGO: conscience, judges right from wrong-- Defense Mechanisms (protect ego) Rationalization, Repression, Denial, Regression, Projection
7 Dimensions of Health •Emotional health •Intellectual health •Spiritual health •Occupational health •Social health •Physical health •Environmental health 1 st and 2 nd

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