What is Counselling?Zunker (1994), Counselling is theprocess which takes place in a one-on-one relationship between an individual,beset by problems with which he/shecannot solve alone and a professionalworker whose training and experiencehave qualified him to help others reachsolutions to various types of personaldifficulties.
Counselling is an interactiveprocess conjoining the counseleewho needs assistance and thecounselor who is trained andeducated to give this assistanceParez(1965)
Key pointsCounselling is about:Helping relationshipMostly one-on-oneBetween a client and counselor whoprofessionally trained and educatedWith aim of helping the client solve hisor her problem/s
Goals of CounsellingDevelopmental Goals: Developmentalgoals are those wherein the client isassisted in meeting or advancing heror his anticipated human growth anddevelopment (that is, socially,personally, emotionally, cognitively,physical wellness, and so on.
Preventive Goals: Preventive goal is agoal in which the counsellor helps theclient avoid some undesired outcome.Facilitative Goals: If the clientpossesses special skills and abilities,enhancement means they can beidentified and/or further developedthrough the assistance of a counsellor
GUIDANCECOUNSELLING1. Is a helping serviceIs the heart of guidance2. Is knowledge-basedIs affective based3.Is less personal andless intimateMore personal and moreintimate4.Is informative anddidacticIs emotionally ﬂexibleand less didactic5.Is usually initiated bycounsellorUsually initiated by client6. Is usually for morethan one personIs usually one-on-one
PSYCHOTHERAPYPsychotherapy is derived from theGreek word therapeia, meaninghealing.Psychotherapy is a collaborativetreatment between an individual anda psychologist, where thepsychologist uses scientificallyvalidated procedures to help peopledevelop healthier, more effectivehabits.
Objectives:removing, modifying, or retardingexisting symptoms,mediating disturbed patterns ofbehaviour, andpromoting positive personality growthand development
It deals with deep seated emotionalchallenges like: depression, anxiety,stress
Similarities between Counselling andPsychotherapyBoth provides the person with aconfidential space in which to explorepersonal difficulties.Effective practice in both, depends to agreat extent on the quality of theclient–counsellor relationship.Self-awareness and personal therapyare valued elements of training andongoing development
Differences between Counselling andPsychotherapyCounsellingPsychotherapy1. Provided by specialist professionalworkers, but also paraprofessionals,volunteers etc.