slids 1.pdf - INTRODUCTION TO GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING What is Counselling Zunker(1994 Counselling is the process which takes place in a one-onone

slids 1.pdf - INTRODUCTION TO GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING What...

This preview shows page 1 - 15 out of 80 pages.

INTRODUCTION TO GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING
Image of page 1
What is Counselling? Zunker (1994), Counselling is the process which takes place in a one-on- one relationship between an individual, beset by problems with which he/she cannot solve alone and a professional worker whose training and experience have qualified him to help others reach solutions to various types of personal difficulties.
Image of page 2
Counselling is an interactive process conjoining the counselee who needs assistance and the counselor who is trained and educated to give this assistance Parez(1965)
Image of page 3
Key points Counselling is about: Helping relationship Mostly one-on-one Between a client and counselor who professionally trained and educated With aim of helping the client solve his or her problem/s
Image of page 4
Goals of Counselling Developmental Goals: Developmental goals are those wherein the client is assisted in meeting or advancing her or his anticipated human growth and development (that is, socially, personally, emotionally, cognitively, physical wellness, and so on.
Image of page 5
Preventive Goals: Preventive goal is a goal in which the counsellor helps the client avoid some undesired outcome. Facilitative Goals: If the client possesses special skills and abilities, enhancement means they can be identified and/or further developed through the assistance of a counsellor
Image of page 6
Remedial Goals: Remediation involves assisting a client to overcome and/or treat an undesirable development.
Image of page 7
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING
Image of page 8
GUIDANCE COUNSELLING 1. Is a helping service Is the heart of guidance 2. Is knowledge-based Is affective based 3.Is less personal and less intimate More personal and more intimate 4.Is informative and didactic Is emotionally flexible and less didactic 5.Is usually initiated by counsellor Usually initiated by client 6. Is usually for more than one person Is usually one-on-one
Image of page 9
PSYCHOTHERAPY Psychotherapy is derived from the Greek word therapeia , meaning healing. Psychotherapy is a collaborative treatment between an individual and a psychologist, where the psychologist uses scientifically validated procedures to help people develop healthier, more effective habits.
Image of page 10
Objectives: removing, modifying, or retarding existing symptoms, mediating disturbed patterns of behaviour, and promoting positive personality growth and development
Image of page 11
It deals with deep seated emotional challenges like: depression, anxiety, stress
Image of page 12
Similarities between Counselling and Psychotherapy Both provides the person with a confidential space in which to explore personal difficulties. Effective practice in both, depends to a great extent on the quality of the client–counsellor relationship. Self-awareness and personal therapy are valued elements of training and ongoing development
Image of page 13
Differences between Counselling and Psychotherapy Counselling Psychotherapy 1. Provided by specialist professional workers, but also paraprofessionals, volunteers etc.
Image of page 14
Image of page 15

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture