A Dyadic Approach to Pornography Use and RelationshipSatisfaction Among Heterosexual Couples: The Role ofPornography Acceptance and Anxious AttachmentMegan K. MaasDepartment of Human Development and Family Studies, Michigan State UniversitySara A. VasilenkoThe Methodology Center, The Pennsylvania State UniversityBrian J. WilloughbySchool of Family Life, Brigham Young UniversityThe majority of research on pornography use within committed relationships has found such useto be associated with negative outcomes. However, given the variability in pornography useamong couples, the current study sought to examine moderators in the association betweenpornography use and relationship satisfaction in a large sample of heterosexual matched-pairedcouples (N = 6,626). Actor–partner interdependence models (APIMs) revealed that for men whoare more anxiously attached, more pornography use is associated with higher relationshipsatisfaction; whereas for women who are more anxiously attached, more pornography use isassociated with lower relationship satisfaction. For men who are more accepting of pornogra-phy, more pornography use is associated with more relationship satisfaction; however, for menwho are less accepting of pornography, more pornography use is associated with less relation-ship satisfaction. There was little difference in relationship satisfaction at differing levels ofpornography use for women who are high in pornography acceptance. For women who are lowin pornography acceptance, pornography use is associated with less relationship satisfaction.Results are discussed and recommendations for practitioners are made through the lens ofsymbolic interaction theory.The increase in access to pornography since the advent ofthe Internet provides a changing context for couples’sexualexperiences. Consequently, scholars have begun to investi-gate what role pornography use plays in romantic relation-ship satisfaction, with a number of thefindings indicatingthat pornography has a negative impact on relationships(Wright, Tokunaga, Kraus, & Klann,2017). Pornographyuse is often studied through the lens of social cognitive(Bandura,2001) and sexual scripting (Simon & Gagnon,2003) theories. The predominant application of these the-ories posits that individuals learn about sex via observationin pornography. When this approach is taken, it is oftenargued that individuals who use more pornography (i.e.,where there are people much better-looking and sexualbehavior much more exciting than what could reasonablybe expected in a longer-term relationship) begin to assumethat the sexual and romantic aspects of their relationshipswith their partners are not adequate. Under this model, therelationship subsequently deteriorates.