2018_-_Megan_K_Maas_-_ADyadicApproachtoPornographyUseandRelationshipSati[retrieved_2019-03-17].pdf

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A Dyadic Approach to Pornography Use and Relationship Satisfaction Among Heterosexual Couples: The Role of Pornography Acceptance and Anxious Attachment Megan K. Maas Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Michigan State University Sara A. Vasilenko The Methodology Center, The Pennsylvania State University Brian J. Willoughby School of Family Life, Brigham Young University The majority of research on pornography use within committed relationships has found such use to be associated with negative outcomes. However, given the variability in pornography use among couples, the current study sought to examine moderators in the association between pornography use and relationship satisfaction in a large sample of heterosexual matched-paired couples (N = 6,626). Actor partner interdependence models (APIMs) revealed that for men who are more anxiously attached, more pornography use is associated with higher relationship satisfaction; whereas for women who are more anxiously attached, more pornography use is associated with lower relationship satisfaction. For men who are more accepting of pornogra- phy, more pornography use is associated with more relationship satisfaction; however, for men who are less accepting of pornography, more pornography use is associated with less relation- ship satisfaction. There was little difference in relationship satisfaction at differing levels of pornography use for women who are high in pornography acceptance. For women who are low in pornography acceptance, pornography use is associated with less relationship satisfaction. Results are discussed and recommendations for practitioners are made through the lens of symbolic interaction theory. The increase in access to pornography since the advent of the Internet provides a changing context for couples sexual experiences. Consequently, scholars have begun to investi- gate what role pornography use plays in romantic relation- ship satisfaction, with a number of the fi ndings indicating that pornography has a negative impact on relationships (Wright, Tokunaga, Kraus, & Klann, 2017 ). Pornography use is often studied through the lens of social cognitive (Bandura, 2001 ) and sexual scripting (Simon & Gagnon, 2003 ) theories. The predominant application of these the- ories posits that individuals learn about sex via observation in pornography. When this approach is taken, it is often argued that individuals who use more pornography (i.e., where there are people much better-looking and sexual behavior much more exciting than what could reasonably be expected in a longer-term relationship) begin to assume that the sexual and romantic aspects of their relationships with their partners are not adequate. Under this model, the relationship subsequently deteriorates.

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