Concepts and Terms [Document Four - HIUS 221].pdf -...

This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 21 pages.

Concepts and Terms Document Four HIUS 221 Filibusters A private army of American volunteers financed by Louisiana businessmen to seize Texas land Stephen F. Austin In 1823, led 300 families ("The Old 300") to his colony, San Felipe de Austin, with permission from the Spanish government Law of April 6, 1830 Teran sent an alarming report to MX about American immigration to TX. Law was passed to address the situation: Ended immigration to Texas. Enacted tariffs on trade. Installed military garrisons to enforce these restrictions. Santa Anna -engineered his election in 1833 -strict about enforcing 1830 law -put Austin in prison in 1834
-Texans began organizing militia against him Sam Houston -Jackson's protégé -came to TX in 1833 -Upon arriving in Texas, he began practicing law in Nacogdoches and got involved in politics. -became president of TX The Alamo -After Cos's surrender, 100 Texans under Col. James C. Neill remained in abandoned Spanish mission a mile east of town known as "The Alamo." -The improvised fort had problems: -It was 90 miles away from the Texan settlements. -The compound was about three acres. -Low and thin adobe walls. -Bowie and Travis refused orders to leave the fort -On 23 February 1836, Santa Anna's army of 1,800 men arrived and began the 13-day "kill all" siege of the Alamo. Battle of San Jacinto -Houston lured Santa Anna into a trap (April 21, 1836 - just east of modern Houston). -The Texans wiped out a Mexican army of 800 troops and captured Santa Anna himself
-Santa Anna signed the Treaty of Velasco on 14 May 1836. Manifest Destiny The belief that it was the nation's God-given right to expand according to its needs was encompassed in the slogan coined by New York newspaperman John L. O'Sullivan. James K. Polk -1844 Democrat nominee James K. Polk -expansion westward. Oregon Country -Britain and the US jointly occupied Oregon Country beginning in 1818. -1840s, "Oregon fever" swept thousands of Americans into the region -Oregon Treaty of 1846 established the border between Canada and the United States at the 49th parallel. -Oregon became a state in 1859. Nueces Strip -Since the Texas Revolution, Mexican policy held that the American annexation of Texas would be an act of war. -When annexation actually took place, Mexican officials cut diplomatic relations with the US and declared the Mexico-Texas border to be the Nueces River.
-This was in defiance of the Texan-American claim that the Rio Grande marked the southern border of Texas Mexican-American War -1846-48 -The Mexican government angrily rejected the US's offer to buy Nueces Strip for $3.25 million, and California and New Mexico for $30 million. -In March 1846, Polk ordered Taylor to cross the Nueces and establish a base on the Rio Grande across from Matamoros. -In April, a Mexican force crossed the Rio Grande and ambushed a unit of American troops.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture