Chapter 9 & 10 outline.docx - Chapter 9 Advocacy and Corruption CORRUPTION abuse of private and public office for personal gain associated with and

Chapter 9 & 10 outline.docx - Chapter 9 Advocacy and...

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Chapter 9 Advocacy and Corruption CORRUPTION - abuse of private and public office for personal gain - associated with and reinforced by other illegal practices (ex. bid rigging, fraud, or money laundering, extortion) Simple Definition : It is receiving, asking for or giving any gratification to induce a person to do a favor for private gain. Ex. act of bribery, embezzlement, nepotism, kickbacks and state capture Broader Definition : It is the misuse of entrusted power (by heritage, education, marriage election, appointment) for private gain. - Wrongdoing of an authority or powerful party through means that are: a) Illegitimate b) Immoral c) Incompatible with ethical standards - Results from patronage and associated with bribery Scientific Definition (developed by Dr. Petrus Van Duyne) : It an improbity or decay in the decision – making process in which a decision maker consents deviate or demands deviation from the criterion which should rule his or her decision making-making, in exchange for a reward or for the promise or expectation of a reward, while these motives influencing his or her decision making cannot be part of the justification of the decision. General Definition – form of dishonesty or criminal activity by a person or organization of authority for illicit benefit FORMS OF CORRUPTION - Company paying bribe to win the public contract - Politician redirecting investments to hometown rather than region - Public official embezzling funds - A private company manager recruiting an ill-suited friend for high level position - Local officials demanding bribes from ordinary citizens - A salesman bribing the purchasing manager HOW/WHY a person become corrupt - When there are opportunities - When risk is minimal in comparison to benefits obtained - Confronted with a) career advancement b) earning of more income c) Financial problems *person learns to be dishonest *corruption becomes easier unless rooted on solid principles and nurtured in an upright manner ILL EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION (ECONOMICALLY) - Add up to 10% of total costs in doing business and 25% of cost of procurement programs in developing countries - Waste or the inefficient use of public resources (ex. 550billion loss in the Philippines from 1960-2016) - Corroders public trust, undermines the rule of law, and ultimately delegitimizes the state - Africa’s 700 million people under 30 are seeking opportunities with dignity and if mismatch between aspirations and fulfillment continues, this could lead to apathy, discontent and turn them to radical extremists and join terrorist groups.0 Other significant and serious repercussions of corruption are: 1. - Breakdown in social order and lives are affected when ordinary people are prevented from receiving all the essential service that they are entitled to.
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