09:11:18 Notes.docx - REASEARCH QUESTION DUE SOON need question and data source Coalitions Parliamentary systems defined by relationship between

09:11:18 Notes.docx - REASEARCH QUESTION DUE SOON need...

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09/11/18 REASEARCH QUESTION DUE SOON need question and data source Coalitions Parliamentary systems defined by relationship between executive and legislature Gov. must have majority support of legislature Gov. has powers of dissolution Therefore, strong party discipline is important Coalition Theory Coalition theory examines why certain parties enter gov. and others do not Following an election there are many possible coalitions Office Seeking Theories: Minimal Winning Coalitions Von Neumann and Morgenstern 1953 Gov. formation is a zero-sum game over the spoils of office Minimal winning coalitions: Coalitions where every party is critical to maintaining a majority (no needless parties) Observations: From 1945-1987, 35% of coalitions formed followed this pattern In large systems, several minimal winning coalitions are possible. How do parties choose between minimal winning coalitions? Parties want greatest possible portfolio share Minimal Winning Coalitions Coalitions consist of smallest number of parties possible.
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Unformatted text preview: Minimal winning coalitions are problematic predictors Ignore policy completely- this does not seem to reflect coalition strategy Policy “compatibility” reduces the number of viable coalitions and eases bargaining Minimal connected winning conditions: Minimal winning coalitions made up of parties which are ideological “neighbors” Evaluating Office Based Theories Pure office-based theories cannot address: Surplus parties included in a governing coalition Minority governments But policy-based theories of coalitions may form Policy Based Theories: Issue Dimensions Laver and Schofield 1998 Parties enter winning coalitions that will adopt their preferred policy. Coalitions include the party of the median legislator Problems with Policy-Seeking Model These models do no account for multi-dimensional politics Institutional constraints Rules of formation Rules of law passage Party constraints...
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