Chapter 12.ppt - Chapter 12 PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT AND THE LAW Bartol and Bartol Psychology and Law © 2015 SAGE Publications Inc Psychological

Chapter 12.ppt - Chapter 12 PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT AND...

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PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT AND THE LAW Chapter 12 Bartol and Bartol, Psychology and Law © 2015 SAGE Publications, Inc.
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Psychological Assessment Psychological evaluation All the techniques used to measure and evaluate an individual’s past, present, or future psychological status Interviews, observations, reviews of case files and records, and various measuring procedures that typically include psychological tests Goal is to reduce the complexity of human behavior to a manageable set of variables so that present behavior can be appraised, some parameters of future behavior can be predicted, and appropriate intervention strategies can be undertaken Bartol and Bartol, Psychology and Law © 2015 SAGE Publications, Inc.
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Psychological Testing Only one component of the assessment process Standardized measuring instruments developed to measure specific abilities or skills Aptitude Intelligence Personality traits Mental disorders Bartol and Bartol, Psychology and Law © 2015 SAGE Publications, Inc.
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Psychological Assessment and Testing Child custody evaluations Competencies to consent to medical treatment or research Civil capacities evaluations Abuse and neglect determinations Juvenile delinquency dispositions End-of-life issues Diagnosis of learning disabilities Adult mental health settings Bartol and Bartol, Psychology and Law © 2015 SAGE Publications, Inc.
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Forensic Classifications of Assessment and Testing Category Description Examples Clinical Psychological measures designed for general cognitive or personality assessment WAIS-III; CAS, MMPI-2; MMPI-2-RF; TAT; Rorschach (RIM); Beck Depression Inventory Forensically relevant Identify psychological characteristics pertinent to legal issues SIR-2; Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery; Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery; HCR-20; PCL-R; COVR Forensic assessment instruments Designed specifically to measure abilities directly relevant to the legal system CMR; CMR-R; MVS; MacCAT-CA Bartol and Bartol, Psychology and Law © 2015 SAGE Publications, Inc.
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Clinical Measures and Assessment Techniques Cognitive skills Thinking, learning, perceiving, problem solving, and remembering Intelligence tests
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