The Neo-Platonics Powerpoint.pptx - Philosophy...

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Philosophy 120/Religious Studies 120 The Neo-Platonism of Plotinus
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What is Neo-Platonism?
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What is Neo-Platonism? A school of philosophy that arose in the third century AD drawing mainly on Plato’s thought but also included elements from Aristotle and the Stoics. Hence, Neo-Platonism was not a new school but a freshening, or update, of Plato’s ideas, adapting them to historical circumstances very different from those of Plato’s Athens. But like all of the systems we’ve looked at so far, the Neo- Platonists aimed to identify a comprehensive order to the world, to understand man’s place in that world, and to discover the best ways of dealing with that world and its challenges.
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We’re going to look at the views of a single Neo-Platonic philosopher: Plotinus (c. 205 – 270 AD). Although Plotinus is less famous than Plato or Aristotle, he may – after those two – be the most influential Western philosopher ever because of the immense effect he had on his fellow pagans as well as on Jewish, Christian, and Islamic thinkers over the thirteen hundred years after he lived and wrote. So, who was Plotinus? Plotinus
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So, who was Plotinus? Born around 205 AD in Lycon(?) or Lycopolis(?), Egypt
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So, who was Plotinus? Born around 205 AD in Lycon(?) or Lycopolis(?), Egypt Came to Alexandria in the early 230s and studied with Ammonius Saccas, a philosopher with Platonic leanings Alexandria
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So, who was Plotinus? Born around 205 AD in Lycon(?) or Lycopolis(?), Egypt Came to Alexandria in the early 230s and studied with Ammonius Saccas, a philosopher with Platonic leanings After Ammonius’s death in 242, Plotinus joined a military expedition against Persia, hoping that by travelling to the east he’d have the chance to study the wisdom of Persia and of India
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So, who was Plotinus? Born around 205 AD in Lycon(?) or Lycopolis(?), Egypt Came to Alexandria in the early 230s and studied with Ammonius Saccas, a philosopher with Platonic leanings After Ammonius’s death in 242, Plotinus joined a military expedition against Persia, hoping that by travelling to the east he’d have the chance to study the wisdom of Persia and of India But the emperor was assassinated in Mesopotamia, the expedition failed, and Plotinus made his way to Rome where he taught and wrote for the remainder of his life
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So, who was Plotinus? Personally, Plotinus led a very austere life, was shy, but was also kind and supportive to those around him, especially to orphans, whom he took into his own home and treated with gentleness and affection
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So, who was Plotinus? Personally, Plotinus led a very austere life, was shy, but was also kind and supportive to those around him, especially to orphans, whom he took into his own home and treated with gentleness and affection After Plotinus’s death his written works, composed between 253 and 270, the year of his death, were edited by his pupil Porphyry (234-305 AD), who also wrote a biography of Plotinus
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So, who was Plotinus?
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