Charles Cornwallis British general in revolutionary war, surrender of his forces at York town, 1781 led to end of the war. John Burgoyne led 6,000 british men from Canada to cut off New England but was defeated in battles at Saratoga and surrendered his force. American victory convinced French to support the revolution. William Howe British commander-in-chief, led forces to victory at Bunker Hill, & captured NYC and Philadelphia, resigned in 1777 after the defeat at Saratoga. Horatio Gates American general credited with the key victory at Saratoga in 1777, conspired to replace George Washington as commander. suffered a humiliating rout Camden, S.C., 1780 ended his career. Benedict Arnold American served victories at Fort Ticonderoga and Saratoga, as well as the invasion of Canada, "traitor" bc unsuccessful Nathanael Greene Washington's most competent general, outmaneuvered the British Army causing its fateful retreat to Yorktown for supplies and rest. Daniel Morgan veteran, key victory at Saratoga, his guerrilla tactics led his greatest success when, commanded half Continental Army in the South. crushed the British at Cowpens. Friedrich von Steuben, former Prussian military man but proved valuable in bringing tight military discipline to the Continental Army during its winter at Valley Forge. Marquis de Lafayette French aristocrat, volunteered for the Revolutionary cause, becoming a close friend to George Washington and a hero both to Americans and to his fellow countrymen. Comte de Grasse commanded the French fleet that defeated the British navy in virginia 1781, helping make American victory at Yorktown possible. Baron von Steuben's contribution to the American cause was to --- Drill American soldiers The Patriot militia --- Frustrated Washington with its lack of discipline The news of Yorktown inspired the British to --- End the war Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress --- Combined legislative and executive power With the end of the war, many Americans viewed the United States as a ---Nation with a special destiny Madison's Virginia Plan --- Would create a two-house Congress Which one of the following gave the Confederation government the most trouble? --- Finances The Federalist essays were written by---Hamilton, Madison, Jay In regard to religion, the Constitution --- Prevents Congress from establishing an official religion President Washington's farewell address --- Opposed permanent alliances The Louisiana Purchase was a problem for Thomas Jefferson because --- He believed that the Constitution did not give authority to acquire new land The Leopard's attack upon the Chesapeake --- Created war fever in the United States Who said, "We are all Republicans; we are all Federalists"? --- Thomas Jefferson The most notable aspect of the British assault upon Baltimore was --Its inspiration for the eventual national anthem The War of 1812 -- Generated intense patriotic pride The cotton gin -- Made possible efficient separation of seeds from fiber By 1860, what had become the United States' largest city, as its population surpassed 1 million? -- New York
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