India_DNR_FINAL.pdf - Reuters Institute India Digital News Report Zeenab Aneez Taberez Ahmed Neyazi Antonis Kalogeropoulos and Rasmus Kleis Nielsen

India_DNR_FINAL.pdf - Reuters Institute India Digital News...

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Zeenab Aneez, Taberez Ahmed Neyazi, Antonis Kalogeropoulos, and Rasmus Kleis Nielsen Reuters Institute India Digital News Report
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Zeenab Aneez, Taberez Ahmed Neyazi, Antonis Kalogeropoulos, and Rasmus Kleis Nielsen Supported by Surveyed by Published by the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism Reuters Institute India Digital News Report
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Contents Foreword 5 Methodology 6 About the Authors 7 Acknowledgements 7 Executive Summary 8 1. Digital News in India 9 1.1 The Move to Digital Media 9 1.2 A Mobile-First Market 9 1.3 Distributed Discovery Dominated by Platforms 10 1.4 Social Media as Gateways to News 10 1.5 Navigating News on Social Media 12 1.6 WhatsApp Widely Used for News 12 2. News and Participation 13 2.1 Online and Offline Sources of News 13 2.2 Inequalities in How People Access News 13 2.3 Engaging with Online News 14 2.4 High Levels of Participation, Caution around 15 Political Expression 3. Brands and Trust 16 3.1 Legacy Brands Popular with Online News Consumers 16 3.2 Alternative and Partisan News Sites Embraced by Some 17 3.3 Trust in News – Media versus Platforms 17 3.4 Brand Level Trust 18 4. Disinformation 20 4.1 Disinformation: Perceptions, Concerns, and Exposure 20 4.2 Who is Responsible for Fixing Disinformation Issues? 20 5. Future Trends 21 5.1 Mobile Applications and Alerts 21 5.2 Appetite for Online News Video 21 5.3 Video Viewing Moving Offsite 21 5.4 Ad-Blocking a Threat to the Business 22 5.5 Opportunities around Voice-Activated Speakers and Audio 22 5.6 Will Indians Pay for Online News? 22 5.7 Will More People Donate to News? 23 6. Conclusion 24 References 25 Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism / India Digital News Report
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5 Given how important and interesting it is, India has always been conspicuously absent from the Reuters Institute annual Digital News Report . I am therefore very glad that support from a wide range of different Indian sponsors has now enabled us to produce this, the first stand-alone pilot India Digital News Report , in time to inform discussions of news and media in India in advance of the 2019 elections. We publish this study at a time of dramatic change in the Indian media, some of it promising, some of it troubling. The past few years have seen explosive growth in especially mobile internet access, and even though broadcast media and printed newspapers are still doing better in India than in many other markets, the rapid move to digital media will have profound implications for the practice of journalism, the business of news, media institutions, and thus by extension political and public life in India. We have seen rapid growth in online audiences across websites, social media, and more, but also mounting challenges to the business of news as advertising moves to digital media. This shift coincides with a changing political environment where activists, parties, and politicians are enthusiastically embracing digital media, sometimes circumventing editorial gatekeepers, sometimes attacking them directly, attacks that contribute to wider concerns over media freedom in India.
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