Answers to Chapter Six Self Review Questions.docx - Chp 6 Self-Review Question One 1 a What may happen inside of the cells of an individual who does not

Answers to Chapter Six Self Review Questions.docx - Chp 6...

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Chp 6 Self-Review Question One 1. a. What may happen inside of the cells of an individual who does not obtain all of the essential amino acids? The body does not store amino acids, so the construction of a protein that is being made will be stopped where the missing amino acid cannot be added. This protein will be broken down by cellular enzymes and the amino acids can be used in other proteins, broken down to release energy, or made into glucose or storage fat. b. What may eventually happen to the body’s tissues if the diet does not contain essential amino acids? If a particular amino acid is chronically missing, the body will break down tissues such as muscles to get the missing amino acid that is needed to make new proteins. This will result in muscle wasting. It may also affect cells of the immune system, which will lead to increased susceptibility to infection. The body will resort to breaking down proteins in critical organs such as the heart if no amino acids become available.
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