AP Gov Notes - Terms and sessions of congress Term length...

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Terms and sessions of congress - Term- length of time between elections in congress (two years). - Each congressional term consists of two sessions, one during each year of a term. Bicameralism - Congress consists of two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate, that act to check and balance each other. House of representatives - Term - 2 years, no term limit - Qualifications ~ 25 years old, 7 years as a U.S. citizen - Resident of represented state - # of reps ~ 435 Reapportionment - Process of re-dividing the 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives based upon each state’s proportion of the national population. Redistricting - Process of redrawing legislative district boundaries every 10 years based upon changes in population - States legislatures determine district boundaries - Drawing boundaries of legislative districts to benefit one party or group and handicap another is called gerrymandering. House of Representatives - Emphasizes fiscal policy ~ government expenditures, revenues, and debt. - Special powers of the House of Representatives ~ all money, bills start here Speaker of the House - Head of the House of Representatives - Presides over the full house - Decides which committees each member of their party will serve. - Assigns bills to committees - Decides the order in which bills will be heard and time limits for debate on the House Floor. Senate - Term 6 years, no term limit - Qualifications ~ 30 years old, 9 years a citizen of the U.S., Resident of the represented state. - # of senators ~ 100 - Representation ~ 2 per state - Filibuster ~ unlimited debate, unless cloture is invoked
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- President of the Senate ~ U.S. vice President - Day to day head of Senate ~ President pro temporal - Emphasizes foreign policy -
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