the-articles-of-confederation_0.pdf - The Articles of Confederation The Federalist Papers Project www.thefederalistpapers.org The Articles of

the-articles-of-confederation_0.pdf - The Articles of...

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The Articles of Confederation The Federalist Papers Project
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The Articles of Confederation Page 2 Table of Contents The Meaning and Definition of the Articles of Confederation: .................................................................... 3 Articles of Confederation - Colonies to States .............................................................................................. 3 Articles of Confederation - Why State Constitutions limited the power of Congress .................................. 3 Articles of Confederation - Establishing the Government ............................................................................ 4 Government under the Articles of Confederation ........................................................................................ 5 Strengths of the Articles of Confederation ................................................................................................... 5 Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation .............................................................................................. 6 From the Articles of Confederation to the Constitution ............................................................................... 7 The Articles of Confederation FULL TEXT ................................................................................................... 8 Article I. ............................................................................................................................................... 8 Article II. .............................................................................................................................................. 8 Article III. ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Article IV. ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Article V. .............................................................................................................................................. 8 Article VI. ............................................................................................................................................ 9 Article VII. ......................................................................................................................................... 10 Article VIII. ....................................................................................................................................... 10 Article IX. .......................................................................................................................................... 10 Article X. ............................................................................................................................................ 13 Article XI. .......................................................................................................................................... 13 Article XII. ......................................................................................................................................... 13 Article XIII. ....................................................................................................................................... 13
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The Articles of Confederation Page 3 The Meaning and Definition of the Articles of Confederation: The Articles of Confederation were the first governing document and the original constitution of the US. The Articles of Confederation contained the terms, agreed by the 13 new states, by which they agreed to participate in a centralized form of government, in addition to their self- rule. Under the Articles of Confederation each of the states retained their sovereignty, freedom and independence. Six drafts of the Articles of Confederation were prepared before they were adopted by Congress on November 15, 1777. The Articles of Confederation became operative on March 1, 1781 when the last of the 13 states finally signed the document. The Articles of Confederation were effective from March 1, 1781 to March 4, 1789 and were the basis of the national government of the US during the American Revolutionary War. The Articles of Confederation were replaced by the US Constitution that went into effect in 1789. Articles of Confederation - Colonies to States Following the Declaration of Independence, the members of the Continental Congress realized that it would be necessary to set up a national government. The 13 Colonies had asked Congress to adopt the Continental army and direct the war. Congress, unexpectedly, became the governing body, and began to act as advisor as the Colonies changed into States. On May 15, 1776 Congress advised all the colonies to form governments for themselves. The Articles of Confederation served as the written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain. Articles of Confederation - Why State Constitutions limited the power of Congress The men who created the State Constitutions took heed from the history of British tyranny whilst adhering to the aspirations of the Declaration of Independence. These led to a number of new ideas and ideals that Americans, across the newly established states, being included in their own, fully documented, State Constitutions. The State Constitutions emphasized the following points:
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