Orthopedic Reading Assignment.docx - Alissa Thompson...

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Alissa Thompson Orthopedic Reading Assignment 1. Name four methods of verifying the operative side and site – Marking surgical site with patient verification, verification checklist, verbal verification by patient, confirm during time out. 2. What type of device is the Alvardo Foot Holder and for what procedure is it used? – A leg positioner used in total joint procedures to position for leg exposure 3. Name the three techniques for traction – Manual, skin, skeletal 4. Name three sources of power for surgical drills – Air-driven, battery-driven, electrically driven 5. What is the difference between autograft and allograft? – An autograph is from the patient’s own body; an allograft is from a tissue bank. 6. Name the two main classifications of bone fractures – Open and closed 7. List the varieties of fractures – Transverse, longitudinal, oblique, comminuted, compression,
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Unformatted text preview: pathologic, impacted, greenstick 8. Name the indications for internal fixation of acetabular fractures – Greater than 2mm displacement, presence of intraarticular loose bodies, inability to reduce under closed methods, unstable fractures of posterior acetabular wall, open fractures 9. What is the difference between cortical bone screws and cancellous bone screws and which is used more often? – Cortical screws have threads that are close together and run along the entire length of the screw. They are used to transfix bone. Cancellous screws are broader and the threads are farther apart. Bone accumulates in the threads. These are used more often 10. IN a total hip arthroplasty, which type of patient is more likely to require a cemented hip prosthesis versus a noncemented one? – An elderly patient with osteoporosis and poor quality bone....
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