Phonology.pptx - Ling 123 Phonology Tridha Chatterjee Reminders SL 2 due today – 11/05(11:59pm Submit a hard copy in class or in my office(406F Clark

Phonology.pptx - Ling 123 Phonology Tridha Chatterjee...

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Ling 123: Phonology Tridha Chatterjee 10/31/19
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Reminders SL 2 due today – 11/05 (11:59pm) Submit a hard copy in class, or in my office (406F Clark Hall) Or, submit to Canvas Student Presentations on animal communication systems 11/21 & 12/03 5 min ppt. presentations (with optional videos) Discuss the communication system in relation to Tinbergen’s 4 questions on animal behavior Don’t select an animal we have discussed in class Use 2 sources for this presentation including one reliable (peer- reviewed) source
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Next class (11/7) Video: Families in the Wild Bring video notes to class Lottery for student presentations slots
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What is phonology? Segmental and suprasegmental phonology Phonological analysis Today’s Objectives
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Phonetics and Phonology Phonetics Production/articulation of human speech sounds – human physiology Transcribing sounds in IPA Acoustic properties of sounds (vowels and consonants) Phonology Sound patterns in a particular language Regularities determining how sounds are allowed to combine How sounds are counted and organized in the mind
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Segmental phonology (level of sounds – smaller units) Phoneme inventory of languages Phonemes & allophones Phonological rules & analysis Suprasegmental phonology (prosody – larger chunks) Syllables Intonation Tone Phonology
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Exercise Say the following words, paying attention to how you pronounce the sound written as “t”. t op, st ay, wat er, and At kins Do you notice any difference in the quality of the ‘t’ sound in these words? The /t/ in ‘t op’ has a puff of air: [th] The /t/ in ‘st ay’ doesn’t have a puff of air: [t] The /t/ in ‘wat er’ sounds almost like a /d/ [ɾ] The /t/ in ‘At kins’ is hardly there [t ]
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‘Sameness’ The sounds [th], [t], [ɾ] and [t ] are all pronounced differently Yet, English speakers think of these sounds as somehow all the same , namely /t/ We can say that English speakers have an “idea”, or mental unit of the sound /t/ But, the mental unit gets realized or manifested in different ways
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Phonemes and Allophones Phoneme: A mental unit of sound, which is part of the grammar of a language – Phonemes are usually written in / /, e.g. /t/ Allophone: The realizations or manifestations of a phoneme in a given environment – Allophones are usually written in [ ], e.g. [th], [t], [ɾ], [t ]
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