National Environmental Policy Act - National Environmental...

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National Environmental Policy Act Emily Freiman
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Why was it created? The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) was one of the first laws ever written that establishes the broad national framework for protecting our environment. NEPA's basic policy is to assure that all branches of government give proper consideration to the environment prior to undertaking any major federal action that significantly affects the environment. President Nixon signed NEPA into law on January 1, 1970 and launched the “environmental decade” of the 1970s.
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... Acknowledging the decades of environmental neglect that had significantly degraded the nation's landscape and damaged the human environment, the law was established to “foster and promote the general welfare, to create and maintain conditions under which man and nature can exist in productive harmony, and fulfill the social, economic, and other requirements of present and future generations of Americans.” NEPA was the first major environmental law in the United States and is often called the "Magna Carta" of Federal environmental laws. The ultimate goal of the NEPA process is to foster excellent action that protects, restores, and enhances our environment.
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