Science and Technology 3.docx - Transportation Francesco de Lana[b Brescia(Italy d Brescia designs an airship –– never built –– that would be

Science and Technology 3.docx - Transportation Francesco de...

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Transportation Francesco de Lana [b. Brescia (Italy), December 10, 1631, d. Brescia, February 22, 1687] designs an airship –– never built –– that would be lifted by four copper spheres containing a near vacuum. See also 1783 tran. Naval shipwright Anthony Deane [b. 1638, d. 1721] publishes his Doctrine of Naval Architecture, an influential technical work on the design of warships. A Jesuit priest living in China supposedly develops a vehicle that is propelled by a form of steam turbine. See also 1789 tran. 1671 _ Astronomy Giovanni Cassini calculates the distance from Earth to Mars, which enables him to determine the distance of all the planets from the Sun. His calculation is in near agreement with modern measurements. See also 1676 ast. Cassini discovers Iapetus, a satellite of Jupiter. See also 1668 ast; 1672 ast. B Biology Francesco Redi dissects the torpedo fish and studies its electric organ.He fails to recognize,
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Unformatted text preview: however, that the shocking sensation produced by touching the torpedo is caused by electricity. See also 1680 bio. _ Earth science Measure de la terre (“measure of the Earth”) by Jean Picard includes his determination of the length of a meridian of latitude, the most accurate figure since the ancient Greeks and very close to today’s accepted values. See also 1670 ear; 1792 ear. X Food & agriculture A fire destroys a large part of the library at the Spanish palace and monastery El Escorial, taking with it the original drawings of native American plants compiled in the 1570s by Francisco Hernandez [b. near Toledo, Spain, c. 1517, d. Madrid, 1587] and Aztec artists and draftsmen. Copies of the drawings, but not of the notes in the Aztec language, were first published in 1635. See also 1552 food....
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