THE GENERAL NATURE OF LAW.docx - THE GENERAL NATURE OF LAW Meaning of law in general In its widest and most comprehensive sense the term law means any


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THE GENERAL NATURE OF LAW Meaning of law in general. In its widest and most comprehensive sense the term law means any rule of action or any system of uniformity. Thus, law, in general, determines not only the activities of men as rational beings but also the movements or motions of all objects of creation, whether animate or inanimate. General divisions of law. Law, as above defined, may be divided into two (2) general groups: (1)Law (in the strict legal sense) which is promulgated and enforced by the state; and (2)Law (in the non-legal sense) which is not promulgated and enforced by the state. The first refers to what is known as the state law while the second includes divine law, natural law, moral law, and physical law. (see M.J. Gamboa, Introduction to Philippine Law, 6th ed., p. 3.) Subjects of law . State law, divine law, natural law, and moral law are comprised in the definition of law as a rule of action. They apply to men as rational beings only. On the other hand, physical law operates on all things, including men, without regard to the latter’s use of their will power and intelligence. It is called law only figuratively speaking. Before proceeding with the discussion of state law, let us first dispose of those laws with which state is not directly concerned. Divine law Divine law is the law of religion and faith which concerns itself with the concept of sin (as contrasted with crime) and salvation. (1) Source – It is formally promulgated by God and revealed or divulge to mankind by means of direct revelation. Under the Old Testament, divine law is embodied in Ten Commandments. It is believed by Christians that these laws were formally given by God through Moses, the great Hebrew prophet and leader. Of course, divine law differs according to what one believes to have been established and communicated to mankind by revelation. Thus, to the Mohammedans, divine law is embodied in the Muslim Quoran . (2) Sanction – The sanction of divine law lies in the assurance of certain rewards and punishments in the present life or in the life to come.
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  • Spring '17
  • Jane Smith

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