Untitled document.edited.docx - M4A1-Midterm Exam Student name Institutional affiliations Merton's Strain Theory Deviant behaviors refer to actions that

Untitled document.edited.docx - M4A1-Midterm Exam Student...

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M4A1-Midterm Exam Student name Institutional affiliations Merton's Strain Theory Deviant behaviors refer to actions that are contrary to the dominant norms of society. In pursuit of understanding why deviance has persisted among different communities, Robert K. Merton, an American sociologist, developed a theory known as Merton's strain theory. The theory suggests that deviance arises from the existing relationship between cultural structures and prescribed cultural goals (Adler & Adler, 2014). These aesthetic goals create a disconnection between an individual and the society, mainly because a person fails to fulfill the set prerequisites. Mostly, cultures have some approved means of achieving particular goals, which might be strenuous. As these individuals seek to close the gap, they invent alternative approaches to achieving these goals, which are deemed deviant (Adler & Adler, 2014). Usually, such actions are considered rebellious, and they may force a person to withdraw from society. Thus, culture may be viewed as a significant contributor to deviant behaviors. Culture offers an individual with limited opportunities to accomplish the set goals. As Zhang (2019) postulates, deviance occurs since societies encourage it by overwhelming individuals with pressures that push people to become deviant. According to Adler and Adler (2014), the community creates a strain on individuals by creating pressure to be successful, and yet it offers limited legitimate means for achieving the same. Zhang (2019) indicates that the support of a competitive environment that is highly adored across society is what continues the personal stress towards achieving them. Though some individuals manage to adapt through innovation, conformity, or ritualism, others lean towards rebellion and retreatism. According to Adler and
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