CP11248E14.doc - PERMANENT COUNCIL OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES GENERAL COMMITTEE OEA/Ser.G CP/CG-1527/03 25 April 2003 Original Spanish AIDE

CP11248E14.doc - PERMANENT COUNCIL OF THE ORGANIZATION OF...

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PERMANENT COUNCIL OF THE OEA/Ser.G ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES CP/CG-1527/03 25 April 2003 GENERAL COMMITTEE Original: Spanish AIDE MEMOIRE THE SITUATION OF CUBA IN THE OAS AND THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS (Presented by the Secretariat for Legal Affairs)
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AIDE MEMOIRE The situation of Cuba in the OAS and the protection of human rights (Presented by the Secretariat for Legal Affairs) I. Eighth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Punta del Este, January 1962 1.1. The Eighth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, held in Punta del Este, Uruguay, from January 22 to 31, 1962, considered the issue of Cuba and adopted Resolution VI, the operative part of which reads as follows: Resolution VI Exclusion of the Present Government of Cuba from Participation in the Inter-American System 1. That adherence by any member of the Organization of American States to Marxism-Leninism is incompatible with the inter-American system and the alignment of such a government with the communist bloc breaks the unity and solidarity of the hemisphere. 2. That the present Government of Cuba, which has officially identified itself as a Marxist-Leninist government, is incompatible with the principles and objectives of the inter-American system. 3. That this incompatibility excludes the present Government of Cuba from participation in the inter-American system. 4. That the Council of the Organization of American States and the other organs and organizations of the inter-American system adopt without delay the measures necessary to comply with its resolution. 1.2 Another resolution adopted by the Ministers of Foreign Affairs at that meeting requested OAS member states to suspend immediately any trade in arms and implements of war of every kind with Cuba.* *The sanctions adopted against Cuba in 1962 and 1964 received the two-thirds affirmative vote required by the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, but in either case was there unanimity. Mexico was the country that expressed the greatest opposition to the sanctions adopted. In 1975 an amendment to the sanctions against Cuba was considered, because several member states of the OAS felt that the sanctions had been ineffective and inappropriate. As early as 1970 several countries (Argentina, Chile, Panama and Peru, for example) re-established economic and/or diplomatic relations with Cuba. In June 1972, the Permanent Council rejected the proposal of Peru to lift the sanctions against Cuba. It was only at the 16th Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, in July 1975, that a resolution was adopted leaving member states free to take whatever actions they considered appropriate with respect to Cuba in their bilateral relations. That resolution, then, did not lift the sanctions adopted by the OAS against Cuba, but left member states free to apply sanctions against that country or not.
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II. Action by the OAS Council pursuant to Resolution VI of the Eighth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs 2.1.
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